Data Backup History: Where It All Began

Data Backup History: Where It All Began

Discover the Solutions Made Throughout Data Backup History

For most of us who belong to Generation X, the first time you came across any type of data storage or backup device was probably during the heady days of Microsoft’s Windows XP operating system.

Although Gates played a huge role in advancing technology, it is also worth noting that people often used technologies like the CD-ROM for things that they weren’t intended to do – like act as a backup. Therefore, in today’s throwback post, we’ll dive into data backup history and the role our ancestors played in moving us from the days of tape and CD-ROM backups to the cloud. These roles can be divided into four major eras that define computer data back up as we know it today.

The Punch Card Era

Approximately 300 years ago, a textile worker and his apprentice punched holes in a paper tape with the aim of controlling the patterns a loom weaves. This allowed the loom to be able to follow pre-set information during a new weaving project. This invention created the foundation that notable scientist such as Semyon Korsakov and Charles Babbage built upon. And by the turn of the 20th century, conglomerates such as IBM and Remington Rand had made computer data backups possible with the use of punching cards.

The Magnetic Tape Era

The use of punch card as a means of storing data was cumbersome and prone to massive data loss. And as with most human endeavours, an easier way to handle electronic or computer data backups was sorted out. These endeavours led to another breakthrough in Germany during the 19th century. This breakthrough involved the use of magnetic tapes to store data and by 1951, the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation successfully made use of magnetic tapes to store and backup data on its Universal Automatic Computer I (UNIVAC I).

The Hard Drive and Floppy Disks Era

The next notable step that made its mark in the data backup history files was the development of hard drives in 1956 by IBM. The first commercial hard drive the world ever knew was the IBM 305 RAMAC and as expected, it was a large an unwieldy monstrosity that needed to be stored in a large room. But by 1969, the revolutionary floppy disk had been discovered and this was a far cheaper backup option than hard drives of the time.

Tape Backup Era

The commercial use of magnetic tape for data recording began in 1951. The Remington Raund UNIVAC computer had its own tape-based data recording system, relying on half-inch metal tapes. This media was considered, at the time, the most reliable form of data backup. Data was recorded on fixed sized blocks of 60 words. This method is still used by a small number of companies today, but for the most part, people have transitioned away from it.

The Cloud Era

Today in the 21st century, our backup history and advancement in technology have led to the creation of cloud-based storage architecture. This advancement is due to the development of internet technologies, storage area network and file transfer protocols. And today, you can instantly provision data backup protocols at affordable prices. The cloud has made storage solutions attainable and scalable to virtually any company. With IND’s help, your business can integrate a customized backup solution, entirely through the cloud or through a personalized hybrid solution. In the event of a disaster, your entire network can be reloaded to your servers with an accuracy of about 15 minutes before the crash. The physical disks and servers of the past are risky and volatile. Harness the new wave of technology that comes with cloud backup solutions.

To learn more about what your business stands to gain by integrating cloud storage solutions, contact an IND Corporation representative today.